For the week ending July 23, 2017, temperatures averaged four to eight degrees above normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Measureable rainfall was received in the northern and southeastern parts of Nebraska. Winter wheat harvest was wrapping up for the region. There were 6.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 31 percent very short, 40 short, 29 adequate, and 0 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 24 percent very short, 42 short, 34 adequate, and 0 surplus. Winter wheat harvested was 93 percent, near 90 last year, and ahead of 77 average.
In the northern Panhandle, producers report hot and dry conditions over the past week. Harvest has reached near completion in the dryland crop, and approximately 75% completion in irrigated wheat. Average yields reported on dryland range from 40 to 45 bu/acre with 10.5 average protein. Irrigated fields saw average yields from 80 to 100+ bu/acre with 13 to 15 average protein. Test weights in the region averaged right at 60 lbs.
In the southern Panhandle, producers report hot and dry conditions over the past week allowed harvest in the region to progress to near completion. Many fields in the area were affected by Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus and had reduced average yields ranging from 10-40 bu/acre as a result (some fields were total losses); fields not affected by WSMV saw average yields from 35 to 60 bu/acre. Test weights ranged from 52 to 62 lbs, averaging in the upper 50s; protein content varied widely from 9 to 14, with an average estimated between 9.5 and 11.5.
Harvest in the following regions is complete; the information contained in this report regarding these areas is identical to previous harvest reports. In southwest Nebraska, reported yields vary from 50 to 80 bu/acre, with average yields estimated around 55 to 65 bu/acre in fields without WSMV; fields affected by the virus had lower yields. Test weights fall between 59 and 62 lbs, while protein content ranges from 9 to 12.
In south central Nebraska, reported yields vary widely due to hail and other issues that occurred during the growing season. However, average yields range from 55 to 65 bu/acre. Test weight averages range from 59 to 62 lbs, while a single protein sample taken measured at 10.5.
In southeast Nebraska, reported yields range from 60 to 100 bu/acre, with the average falling between 80 and 85 bu/acre. Test weights are rated good; there is no report on protein content from this region at this time.